Who Fought On What Side At Culloden

Most people will tell you The Battle of Culloden was fought by the Scottish clans on the side of Prince Charlie and the British army with the Duke of Cumberland on the other side, Scot’s against the English. This is not quite right. You had clans on both sides, and you had clans that did not come out for either side. Some clans such as Clan Gordon and Clan Grant were represented on both sides.

In the case of Clan Gordon, the chief of Clan Gordon took the side of the English but his brother Lord Lewis Gordon with many from Clan Gordon joined the Jacobite side. Clan Grant of Glenmorriston came out to fight on the Jacobite side, while Clan Grant of Freuchie opposed them on the English side. Clan Rose tried to remain neutral, on 14 April 1746 Hugh Rose of Kilravock, chief of Clan Rose entertained Bonnie Prince Charlie. On 15 April Hugh Rose entertained the Duke of Cumberland. Can’t get more diplomatic than that. The chief of Clan MacQuarrie took no side but did not stop his clansmen from doing so. This also happened with a lot of small clan groups.

So the question is what clan was on what side? The following list is compiled from present day sources. Some clans may not be listed, if your clan is not listed, take the time and find out which side they may have been on.

CLANS WITH BONNIE PRINCE CHARLIE

Boyd

Cameron

Chilsom

Davidson

Drummond

Farquharson

Fraser

Hay

Livingstone

MacBean

MacColl

MacDonald of Glencoe

MacDonald of GlenGarry

MacDonald of Keppoch

MacDonald Clan Ranald

MacDuff

MacFie

MacGillibray

MacGregor

MacInnes

MacKinnon

MacKintosh

MacIntyre

Maclver

MacLachlan

MacLaren

MacLean

MacLea

MacNeil of Barra

MacNaughten

MacPherson

Menzie

Morrison

Oglivy

Oliphant

Robertson

Stewart of Appin

 

 

Along with the clans listed on the side of Bonnie Prince Charlie was the regiment of Atholl Highlanders made up of Clan Murray and the following clansmen of Clan Ferguson, Stewartof Atholl, men from Clan Elphinstone, Forbes, Keith, Mac Kenzie, MacLeod of MacLeod, Macleodof Lewis, MacTavish, MacMillan, Maxwell, Ramsey and Clan Wemyss. Along with these menwas a regiment of men from Edinburgh and a regiment of Irish Piquets.

On the Government (English) side the following are listed as clans supporting the Duke of Cumberland

Clan Campbell

Clan Cathcart

Clan Colville

Clan Cunningham

Clan Grant of Freuchie

Clan Gunn

Clan Kerr

Clan MacKay

Clan Munro

Clan Ross

Clan Semphill

Clan Sinclair

Clan Sutherland

 

 

It is said Clan Campbell of Auchnabreck along with Clan Mac Dougall would have come out on the side of Bonnie Prince Charlie but were stopped by Campbell of Argyll. The chief of Clan MacTavishhad been put in prison by the government or he too would have raised men for Prince Charlie.


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